Brooklyn Agriculture

Prepared by Diana Bowers, May 2014

View Brooklyn Agriculture Subject Guide (with images) as a PDF

This guide is intended as an aid to researchers interested in archival material at Brooklyn Historical Society (BHS) that relates to the history of agriculture in Brooklyn. The bulk of the materials dates from the earliest days of European settlement in the seventeenth century through the nineteenth century, documenting how Brooklyn residents’ relationship to the land changed drastically during that period. Some select twentieth-century resources are also included to demonstrate how Brooklyn’s agriculture persisted in outer-borough areas of Brooklyn, and how Brooklyn’s agricultural history shapes Brooklyn today.

According to a seminal monograph on the subject, Of Cabbages and Kings County: Agriculture and the Formation of Modern Brooklyn (1999), Kings County was one of the nation’s leading vegetable producers as late as 1880, second only to neighboring Queens County. Though there was farming all across Long Island, the land was more productive on what is now the urban end of the island. Though Kings County had been a leading agricultural center for over 250 years, mostly due the many farms in the outer-borough area, its land was rendered almost entirely urban residential in the twenty years between 1890 and 1910. The Brooklyn Eagle reported on Brooklyn’s “last farmer” in 1949.

Researchers should be aware that this guide is not necessarily comprehensive and is intended to be improved over time. This guide focuses primarily on sources relating to Brooklyn (Kings County) in particular and includes only select materials from the other Long Island counties or other areas of New York. Researchers may wish to explore the library catalogs further to identify other materials helpful to their research. Access to the search portals for all library collections may be found here.

This guide emphasizes text-based archival material unique to the BHS, but also includes select materials from the Society’s collections of photographs, maps, and prints and drawings, as well as some selections from the library’s extensive collection of books. In addition to the material detailed in this guide, there are many other resources at BHS useful to research in Brooklyn’s agricultural history. Researchers can use BHS’s online catalog, Bobcat, for other relevant material such as books and other printed matter available in the library. Search Bobcat here.

The principal subject heading to search is Agriculture. You can search on this heading alone or narrow your results by using Agriculture with sub-headings such as history, folklore, economic aspects, handbooks, manuals, etc. Among other related subject headings are Farmers, Farms, Real Property, and Labor. You can also search by name of specific locations, either alone or with Agriculture or another subject heading. Examples of locations include: New York, Brooklyn, Flatlands, Kings County, Queens County, Nassau County, Suffolk County, and Long Island.

There is a section of this guide devoted solely to legal documents regarding land ownership. Further searches in this area could use the subject terms Land Titles, Deeds, Decedents’ Estates, and Landowners.

While this guide notes some visual resources for views of agricultural Brooklyn, researchers may also wish to search the Society’s online image resources by clicking here or visit the library in person to access the entire collection of digitized images on site. This includes photographs, paintings, prints, and drawings. For more information about visiting the library, please click here.

BHS has several other resources that are useful for many areas of research, including agriculture. For example, from 1939-1942, 1961-1969, and 1973-1982, BHS (then known as the Long Island Historical Society) published a periodic journal, called the Long Island Historical Society Quarterly in 1939-42 and, in the later years, The Journal of Long Island History. The journals include articles on historical topics concerning Kings, Queens, Nassau, and Suffolk counties. Some of these articles relate to agriculture. A list in PDF form of the articles in the journals can be found on Emma here; use the search terms agriculture or farm in the document to find the relevant material. The journals themselves are available in the library. Click here for more information about the journals.

The following materials are available by appointment for viewing in the library. To schedule an appointment or for further information about these collections, please contact the library via email at library@brooklynhistory.org.

Collections are arranged by format in this guide. Within the format sections, collections or items are presented in rough chronological order according to the earliest date of the collection. Each entry follows the format:

Collection name, date range of the collection

Call number

Link to more information about collection (if available).

Brief description of relevant content in the collection.

Archives and Manuscripts: Papers and Records

William Henry Stillwell manuscript on the history of Gravesend, 1635-1915

Call number: 1977.309

More information

The beginning of this typescript on the history of Gravesend describes the area’s early rural origins.

Stoothoff Family Collection, 1642-1796

Call number: ARC.150

More information

This collection contains 138 manuscript documents and other papers dating from the 1600s and 1700s, relating to the Stoothoff family of Flatlands, Long Island, which is now part of Brooklyn, New York. Documents with information about farmland and farming transactions include deeds, accounts, and receipts. Many of the documents are in Dutch. An index of all documents and translations of all Dutch documents accompanies this collection.

Lefferts family papers, circa 1650s-1970s

Call number: ARC.145

More information

Digital Exhibition

This collection covers a variety of subjects including the development of Flatbush, and the following information related to agriculture. Box 1 includes an inventory of John Lefferts’ estate (1778) and an indenture from 1774 in folder 1, indentures and deeds in folder 3, the account book of Jacobus Lefferts (1757-1799) in folder 6, and more indentures and estate inventories in folder 7. Box 3 includes business records including land transactions in folder 9 and farm receipts in folder 14. Box OS3 includes a broadside advertisement for land owned by John Lefferts in Flatbush from 1887, which includes a map. There are other maps in Series 5. Series 3 also has some items that may be of interest for agricultural history, such as an almanac, household inventory, and more. Series 6 includes images of Brooklyn, New York City, and Lefferts properties. There are articles regarding old Dutch houses and families in Series 7, and a book about the history of Flatbush as well as housekeeping and recipe books in Series 8. View the full finding aid here.

Middagh family papers, 1654-circa 1840

Call number: 1977.654

More information

The Garrett Middagh papers include a copy of an indenture for land in the township of Brookland (Brooklyn), dated August 16, 1758, for Garrett and Cornelia Middagh, and sold to Machiell Hanson. Together the Middaghs owned a 30 acre farm near the ferry on the west side of Fulton Street near Henry Street in Brooklyn (present-day DUMBO).

Nathaniel and Jonathan Huntting Papers, 1658-1849

Call number: 1974.075

More information

Huntting’s account books and farm records show his agricultural pursuits and transactions with the people of East Hampton, Long Island.

Bennet and Ryder families collection, 1670-2006

Call number: ARC.001

More information

This collection includes land indentures, maps of properties, agreements for sales of land, deeds, titles, and legal documents. Members of these families were instrumental in settling Gowanus and Gravesend. Box 4 includes one folder with information on and images of old Dutch farmhouses in Kings County.

Remsen and Schenk family papers, 1698-1837

Call number: 1985.017

More information

The Remsen and Schenk family papers are comprised of various land documents, including deeds, mortgages, wills, and conveyances to land primarily in Brooklyn. Most documents concern property owned by the Remsen and Schenk families. The collection relates to the following farmers: Jacob Remsen (1719-1794), Joris Remsen (1721-1794) Martin Schenk (1796-1823) and Lambert Schenk (1796-1815).

Peter Wyckoff historical notes, circa 1700-1850

Call number: 1977.582

More information

Topics covered include the construction of public roads in the town of Bushwick; the Dutch district subdivisions of Red Hook, Breukelen, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Gowanus, and Wallabout; and farmers’ meetings. There is also a discussion of “Brooklyn Affairs” including who owns how much land and happenings on Brooklyn farms as well as the history of the area.

Ryerson family papers and photographs, 1700 to circa 1920

Call number: ARC.095

More information

The Ryerson family papers contain documents related to land ownership and property transactions such as deeds, wills, invoices, receipts, and account books. The collection spans the 18th and 19th centuries with the bulk of the collection from the 19th century. John and Jacob Ryerson inherited family farmland in Wallabout. The brothers also owned farmland in Flatlands on New Lots Road near Kings Highway. Also, a Ryerson family homestead was located on what is now the Parade Grounds in Prospect Park.

Lott family papers, 1702-1954

Call number: ARC.186

More information

This collection includes some property maps and one share certificate for the Kings County Rural Gazette (available at the New York Historical Society and the Queensborough Library) in Box 2, folder 13. There are also Flatlands land indentures in folder 14. Folder 16 contains a flyer for Ditmas Publishing’s Old Homesteads books with an image of the Lott homestead in Flatbush and a general description of old Brooklyn homesteads. This is the same publisher as “Views of Picturesque Flatbush.” Finally, the collection also includes some documents from the 1700s concerning farmland in box 3.

Henry Lloyd ledgers, 1703-1744

Call number: 1974.117

More information

Six ledgers of Henry Lloyd, recording financial transactions and accounts throughout the period 1703 to 1744 for his property in what is now Suffolk County, Long Island. These include information about the prices of livestock, farm animals, and produce and some notations about agreements with farmers.

Jacques Cortelyou papers, 1706-1898

Call number: ARC.025

More information

The Jacques Cortelyou papers span the period 1706 to 1898 and consist chiefly of business, legal and financial records, many of which pertain to Cortelyou’s farm at Gowanus and serve to illuminate the inheritance of the Old Stone House.

Andrew J. Provost collection of Bushwick, N.Y., family papers, 1709-1859

Call number: 1977.180

More information

Includes deeds, indentures, and property maps concerning the present-day areas of Bushwick and Greenpoint.

Richard Lawrence Estate inventory, 1717

Call number: 1974.206

More information

This inventory of an estate on Long Island shows the values of every item in the estate, including livestock and other agricultural inventory.

Meserole family papers, circa 1717 to 1915

Call number: ARC.063

More information

The Meserole family was one of the original five families who settled in the areas that are now the Greenpoint and Williamsburg neighborhoods of Brooklyn. In 1667, Jean bought a farm in New Utrecht, now the Brooklyn neighborhood of Bay Ridge. He then bought another farm, Kyckout (“the Lookout”), that ran along the East River. Today, this farm would be located in Williamsburg between North 1st Street and Broadway. The collection includes an oversized parchment documenting a legal decision regarding a land dispute over that farm circa 1717.

Garret Van Horne ledger, 1720-34

Call number: 1974.072

More information

Ledger of Garret Van Horne, resident of Huntington, Long Island, New York. The ledger shows prices of livestock, crops, and so forth.

Gabriel Furman papers, 1725-1913

Call number: ARC.190

More information

The Furman papers principally include thirteen journals dating from circa 1816 to circa 1854. These journals provide firsthand descriptions of Brooklyn’s landscape and development. Furman lived in what is now Brooklyn Heights.

See also: Typescripts of Gabriel Furman’s Notes on Brooklyn, N.Y., 1821-23, circa 1920 typescripts of 1821-23 journal, call number ARC.229 (more information).

Henry Onderdonk Papers, 1729-1895

Call number: ARC.045

More information

The historical manuscripts, notes, and extensive correspondence in the collection contain information on agriculture and animal husbandry, with a focus on Long Island.

Pierrepont Family Papers, 1761-1918

Call number: ARC.263

More information

Box 1, folder 1 contains information about cows and cattle (1818-1824). Box 8, folder 1 contains an account book with details of corn and rye deliveries from Long Island farmers (1816-1822). Box 1, folder 20 has financial documents, some of which document land purchase (1845). The Pierreponts were mostly active in what is now downtown Brooklyn and Brooklyn Heights.

Francis Skillman Papers, 1769-1896

Call number: ARC.280

More information

This collection includes correspondence, journals, a docket book, property agreements, account books, and miscellaneous historical documents. The journals principally concern Skillman’s farming activities and his hiring of help. Skillman was born in Wallabout, Brooklyn but lived most of his life in Roslyn, Long Island in what is now Nassau County.

March, Middagh and Sands families property records, 1770-1856

Call number: 1974.038

More information

This collection includes property records for the downtown Brooklyn and Brooklyn Heights areas from 1770 to 1856. Deeds are in folders 6-9 and 13-14; leases are in folder 15; mortgages are in folders 16 and 18; and legal documents to do with land partition and conveyance are in folders 10, 19, and 21. There is also a map in folder 25.

John R. Couwenhoven papers, 1783-1812

Call number: 1973.167

More information

This collection consists primarily of a single account book that includes the prices of farm goods such as flour. Couwenhoven lived in the town of New Utrecht, currently encompassed by the neighborhoods of Bensonhurst, Borough Park, and Bay Ridge.

Nehemiah Denton Papers, 1785-1844

Call number: 1977.171

More information

This collection includes legal papers, deeds, receipts, account books and bills of sale, relating to Denton’s activities as a miller and merchant in Gowanus. Items of interest include a license to use the patented milling machinery designed by Oliver Evans, with a diagram of the machine on the back, as well as Denton’s property records.

Martin Schoonmaker family papers, 1793-1899

Call number: ARC.090

More information

This collection includes an account book that contains numerous references to the personal and business expenditures of Schoonmaker and his wife, and also renders family, farm, and rental accounts of other individuals, with information on various landowners of Gravesend, Ocean Parkway, Parkville, and Coney Island properties. The volume also contains six loose documents relating to accounts and property assessments.

Edward Tompkins and Thomas Way farm agreement and receipt, 1795-1811

Call number: 1977.365

More information

This collection consists of a receipt, dated 1795, and an agreement, dated 1811, between Edward Tompkins and Thomas Way, both of the town of Newtown in Queens County (present-day Elmhurst). The agreement provides Tompkins with a farm Way owns for a term of ten years. Way also agrees to provide supplies to Tompkins in return for one-half the produce from the farm while Tompkins is there.

Agricultural Society of Kings County records, 1807

Call number: 1977.396

More information

One document that contains the Agricultural Society of Kings County’s constitution, bylaws, list of officers, goals, dues list, and meeting minutes, dated March 1807. The Agricultural Society of Kings County was established by major landowners. The focus of the Society was to promote agriculture, husbandry, and rural affairs. This document gives an idea of what was important to farmers and landowners and who prominent landowners were at the time. It also shows the intersection of farming and politics.

Merchant account book, 1813-15

Call number: 1973.300

More information

This volume documents transactions for the sale of, among other things, farm goods such as foodstuffs and livestock feed, presumably from a general store or a similar merchant business in Huntington, Long Island.

Timothy Matlack farm auction broadside, 1823

Call number: 1978.190

More information

A broadside, dated 1823, that advertises the auction of a farm located in Flushing, Queens to be sold by Timothy Matlack. The broadside provides detailed information on the characteristics of the property.

Benjamin Rowland Account Books, 1827-1828

Call number: ARC.075

More information

Rowland was a merchant, and this volume details monetary transactions for goods such as sugar, tobacco, tea, and coffee, giving an idea of the prices of farm goods at the time. Rowland’s customers lived throughout the New York area, including in Queens County, Long Island, and New Jersey.

John C. Bergen papers, 1827-1894

Call number: 1974.114

More information

John C. Bergen (1826-1907) was a farmer on Bergen’s Island in Flatlands, Kings County, New York (now part of Brooklyn). His papers include pages from his diary (1846-1848, 1854) and an account book with daybook and other transactional entries (1827-1835, 1865-1894). The diary entries focus principally on daily farming activities, hunting (including at Barren Island), weather, and bringing goods to market in Brooklyn and other Kings County towns.

Harriet Stryker-Rodda typescript of Peter Wyckoff recollections, 1828-1958

Call number: 1973.258

More information

This is an indexed typescript of the recollections of Peter Wyckoff of the Brooklyn town of Bushwick, including information about farm sales, raising livestock, and arrangements between farmers.

Board of Supervisors of Kings County collection, 1835-1857

Call number: ARC.049

More information

This collection includes a tax ledger, in which each entry lists a landowner’s name, the value of the property, and the amount of taxes due. The listings include properties in Gowanus, Flatbush, and Bedford.

Storm and Kolyer families papers and photographs, 1835-1918

Call number: ARC.083

More information

This collection includes land indentures and a Kings County Supreme Court announcement for the auctioning of land in the Town of New Lots in Brooklyn (now part of East New York).

John C. Ditmas account book, 1837-1854

Call number: 1973.292

More information

This is an account book for the Brooklyn, New York farm of John C. Ditmas, dated 1837 to 1854. The account book lists prices paid and received for various goods and services.

William Remsen Mulford Papers, circa 1850

Call number: 1993.006

More information

This collection contains three documents, two of which pertain to farms.

Bartlett family papers, 1862-1931

Call number: ARC.211

More information

This collection includes diaries detailing everyday life in Brooklyn from 1862 to 1931.

Kate Conger Baker booklet, 1882

Call number: 1985.041

More information

A bound paperback of the booklet “‘Common-Sense’ in the Farm-house or, Young Mothers’ Assistant,” written by Kate Conger Baker and published in 1882. There are very few actual farm tips (the booklet mainly contains recipes and tips for household maintenance), but some at the back of the booklet are helpful, such as what makes a bushel, how many eggs a hen will lay in a lifetime, the measurement of an acre, and so forth. Baker lived in Brooklyn and Great Neck, Long Island.

Francis V. Morrell’s Recollections of Old Williamsburgh, circa 1915

Call number: 1973.084

More information

This manuscript provides an understanding of how areas that were once farms (here, Williamsburg) changed over time to become increasingly more urban.

H.Dickson McKenna collection, 1868-1991

Call number: ARC.060

More information

This collection is a source for materials on modern farmer’s markets and gentrification in twentieth-century Brooklyn. Box 1, folder 6 contains Boerum Hill materials, including a farm line map, image of threshing wheat, and narrative linking the neighborhood to the original farmers in a brochure for the 1969 house tour. There is also a 1967 “History of Boerum Hill” booklet with propagandistic and apocryphal information linking current-day residents to the original farming settlers of the area, in addition to several other materials on and references to gardens and “green” initiatives. Box 4, folder 25 contains information on landscaping and gardening and articles on indoor gardening and “group landscaping” (i.e. community gardens).

Robert Vadheim Brooklyn Heights Association collection, 1964-1980

Call number: 1988.051

More information

This twentieth-century collections contains additional references to community gardening and “green” initiatives in the late twentieth century in Brooklyn, including farmer’s markets and at least one “plant in.” This includes information on the Vacant Lot Gardening Program and Bedford-Stuyvesant’s Neighborhood Tree Corps, as well as descriptions of the activities of the Magnolia Tree Committee (also of Bedford-Stuyvesant) in Series 1, folder 3.

Archives and Manuscripts: Legal Documents Related to Land Ownership

American Indians and English settlers Gravesend deed, 1665

Call number: 1977.594

More information

This is a photocopy of a 1909 typescript of the original deed for Gravesend.

Richard Nicolls Breuckelen patent, 1667

Call number: 1974.149

More information

Land patent for the town of Breuckelen, issued by New York Governor Richard Nicolls in an apparent reconfirmation of an earlier Dutch patent.

Flatlands land patents and military commission, 1667-1787

Call number: 1974.016

More information

Two land patents issued for the Town of Amersfort (Flatlands) in Kings County.

Brooklyn property records, 1683-1920

Call number: 1979.022

More information

The collection gathers together various deeds, leases, mortgages, and title abstracts for properties located in Brooklyn, N.Y. Most of the title abstracts and some of the other documents include plot maps that clearly show the location of the property in question. Neighborhoods include Willliamsburg and Bushwick.

Stevanus Van Cortlandt Red Hook land deeds, 1697, 1712

Call number: 1974.007

More information

This is a deed issued to Stephanus (spelled Stevanus) Van Cortlandt by William III, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, granting Van Cortlandt a mill house, mill dam, waterways, and land tracts in an area of the Island of Nassau known as Red Hook (the present-day Brooklyn neighborhood of Red Hook), dated 1697. Also included is a deed from the heirs of Stephanus Van Cortland to Matthias Van Dyk for the property in Red Hook formerly owned by Van Cortlandt, dated 1712.

Ryck Hendrikse deed, 1704-5

Call number: 1978.112

More information

A deed for land in Flatbush.

Brooklyn and Long Island deeds collection, 1716-1885

Call number: 1978.006

More information

A collection of deeds from various properties located on Long Island. Property locations in the collection include Flushing, Newtown (now Elmhurst), Jamaica, and Brooklyn.

Hendrick H. Suydam papers, 1780-1806

Call number: 1991.009

More information

Includes three deeds: two in Gravesend, one in Flatbush.

Mortgage indenture between Nicholas Couwenhoven and John Van Dine, 1782

Call number: 1990.012

More information

An indenture for property in Flatbush.

George Irving title abstract and deed, 1798-1857

Call number: 1981.007

More information

One photocopy of a title abstract granting farmland in Flushing, Queens County, N.Y., commonly known as Willetts Neck, to George Irving, and one photocopy of a deed from Irving to the United States Government for the sale of the land. The title abstract includes a history of the ownership of the property stretching back to 1798. The original documents both date from 1857.

Abstracts of deeds to Brooklyn farms, circa 1800-1920

Call number: 1973.165

More information

One bound volume containing handwritten abstracts of titles and deeds to several Brooklyn farms from the late 18th to early 19th centuries. A partial index of some farms is also included.

Teunis Schenk land deed, 1818

Call number: 1973.218

More information

This deed concerns land now located on the Brooklyn and Jamaica turnpike.

Thomas Gascoyne certificate of sale, 1841-45

Call number: 1991.024

More information

This is of one certificate of sale to Thomas Gascoyne for property in Brooklyn on Myrtle and Tillary Streets in 1841 (now downtown Brooklyn). The document also records the selling of the property by Edward Gascoyne to Jacque Cortelyou in 1845.

Thomas Talmadge and Benjamin Stillwell land conveyance, 1845

Call number: 1991.027

More information

A conveyance of property between Thomas Talmadge, Mayor of the City of Brooklyn, and Benjamin Stillwell for property located in Brooklyn at Navy Street in present-day Vinegar Hill.

John M. Reid papers, 1861

Call number: 1980.017

More information

The John M. Reid papers include a bond and deed concerning property he owned in Brooklyn.

Elizabeth Brainerd deed, 1869

Call number: 1977.515

More information

Elizabeth Martense Brainerd (1794-1876) was the daughter of Flatbush farmer Adrian Martense (1768-1810), who willed his land in the town of New Utrecht to her (New Utrecht is now the neighborhoods of Bensonhurst, Borough Park, and Bay Ridge). Elizabeth Brainerd then gave it to her daughter, Lucy E. Brainerd Barron (b. 1834). This document is the quit claim deed between Elizabeth Brainerd and her daughter regarding the estate of Elizabeth’s father.

New Utrecht land deeds and executor documents, 1873-1897

Call number: 1974.244

More information

This collection contains two deeds for property in the town of New Utrecht in Kings County (now Bensonhurst, Borough Park, and Bay Ridge).

Photographs

Ditmas lantern slide collection, circa 1851 to 1905

Call number: V1974.018

More information

The collection includes both black-and-white and hand colored slides depicting farms, barns, and rural areas. Most locations are unidentified.

Dutch in New York lantern slide collection, circa 1880 to 1890

Call number: V1974.025

More information

Images in this collection depict homes, churches, and artifacts relevant to Dutch settlement in Brooklyn and New York City during the 17th and 18th centuries. One slide shows a circa 17th century Dutch map of the region surrounding the Noort Riuier, known today as the Hudson River.

19th century Brooklyn Cabinet Card Collection, circa 1890 to 1902

Call number: V1987.021

More information

This collection contains images of rural scenes.

William Koch glass plate negatives, 1890-1910

Call number: V1985.004

More information

The images in this collection show, among other things, houses, farms and individuals outdoors, as well as rural and wooded scenes, which show hunters and farmers. Koch owned a business in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn but the specific locations of these photographs are unknown. The images are all available online here.

Collection of photographic illustrations of locations in Brooklyn, circa 1900 to 1920

Call number: V1991.070

More information

This Collection consists of 23 color photographic illustrations showing views of Brooklyn including houses, churches, schools, and streets, circa 1900 to 1920. Each illustration measures 4 x 6.5 inches and includes a brief description printed on the bottom recto. It is likely that the illustrations were detached from the book Brooklyn’s Garden: Views of Picturesque Flatbush by Charles A. Ditmas.

Brooklyn’s Garden: Views of Picturesque Flatbush viewbook, 1908

Call number: V1986.019

More information

The subject of this viewbook is the Brooklyn neighborhood of Flatbush, circa 1908.

Prints & Drawings

Farmers Nooning

Call number: M1975.345.1

1843 engraving by Alfred Jones after an 1836 painting “Farmers Nooning” by William Sidney Mount.

Main Street / Formerly Kings Highway – at present 84th Street / New Utrecht 1890 / From New Utrecht Supplement of Brooklyn Eagle, Noc. ’46 / From “Tide” 1890 / Others as I remember them

Call number: M1975.681.1

Twelve panel, watercolor on cardboard folding panorama, dated 1949 by Carrie S. Cropsey.

Large poster announcing the sale of a farm and all its furnishings

Call number:  M1975.1006.1

Lithograph by George Hayward of the Remsen Farm House

Call number: M1975.1462.2

Published by “D. T. Valentine’s Manual” for 1858, with several views of this farmhouse and of the Vechte-Cortelyou farmhouse.

Oliver Hazard Perry drawings

Bergen house prints

Maps

Farm line map of the city of Brooklyn: from official records and surveys

Call number: Atlas (8)1874

Detailed estate and old farm line atlas of the city of Brooklyn

Call number: Atlas (24)1880

Farm and woodland of Robt. B. Lefferts

Call number: Bergen-[1862].Fl

Farm and property line map of Twenty-sixth ward of Brooklyn

Call number: Folded Maps B P-1889.Fd.F

Map of Cortelyou farm lots, Garrett Vanderveer, Flatbush

Call number: Bergen-[18–?]g.Fl

Village of Greenfield on David Johnson farm, Flatbush

Call number: Bergen-[185-?]l.Fl

Martense farm, 36th to 41st St., 9th Ave. to 13th Ave., Brooklyn

Call number: B P-[189-?]Fl.F

Map of the “Hunter fly farm” in the 9th ward of the city of Brooklyn

Call number: B P-[1850]c.Fl

Map of a farm belonging to the heirs of John Meserole, dec’d. (17th Ward, City of Brooklyn)

Call number: B P-[18–?]o.Fl

Map of the Marway farm belonging to the Manhattan Trust Co. of N.Y. City, situated in the town of Gravesend, Kings County, New York

Call number: B P-[1884].Fl

Map of land of Samuel Fleet dec[ease]d situated at Bay Ridge in the town of New Utrecht and County of Kings
Call number: Bergen-1869a.Fl

Map of land of heirs of John Ditmars

Call number: Bergen-1877.c.Fl

Map of H.B. Pierrepont’s farm in Brooklyn: as surveyed 21st May 1820

Call number: Pierrepont-1856.Fl H.B.

Map of the north farm of Leffert Lefferts

Call number: B P-[1877].Fl.RA

Map of land of George Kouwenhoven, situated in the town of Flatlands in the county of Kings

Call number: Bergen-1868.Fl.RA

Map of farm at Fort Hamilton in the town of New Utrecht

Call number: B P-[1834]f.Fl

Map of land of Phebe Cowenhoven situated in the town of New Utrecht in the county of Kings

Call number: Bergen-1852a.Fl

Map of farm and other pieces of land belonging to the estate of Nicholas N. Wyckoff

Call number: B P-1847.Fl.RA

Map of a farm belonging to the heirs of Peter Calyer

Call number: B P-[1848?].Fl

Map of part of the Suydam farm belonging to William Coit, situated in the 18th Ward in the City of Brooklyn

Call number: B P-[1857].Fl

Farm belonging to the heirs of Peter Calyer, Greenpoint

Call number: B P-[1848]a.Fl c.2

Lots known as the Greenpoint farm

Call number: B P-[18–?].Fl.RA 814

Farm belonging to heirs of Peter Meserole

Call number: B P-[1845]a.Fl

Proposed exchange between Bennet and Bogert

Call number: Bergen-1881.Fl

308 lots Bergen estate

Call number: B P-[1899?].Fl.F

City of Brooklyn/village of Williamsburg with farm lines

Call number: B A-1846a.Fl

Land of heirs of Van Brunt

Call number: Bergen-1953.Fl

Farms owned by Bergens at Gowanus in 1825

Call number: B P-[1825?].Fl and B P-[1825?]a.Fl

932 lots part of Bergen estate

Call number: B P-[1888]a.Fd

Farm belonging to heirs of John Meserole

Call number: B P-1852a.Fl.F

814 lots known as the Greenpoint farm

Call number: B P-[1839].Fl.F

Land of Bergens

Call number: Bergen-1854a.Fl

Properties in Sunset Park and Williamsburg

Call number: Bergen-[1869?].Fl

Books

Of Cabbages and Kings County: Agriculture and the Formation of Modern Brooklyn

Call number: F129.B7 .L6 1999

A comprehensive historical study of the origins of agriculture in Brooklyn and its development over time as Kings County urbanized.

How the Farm Pays

Call number: S561.5.C76 1884

Detailed information from a Long Island farmer and a Brooklyn gardener on how to cultivate land, cattle, plants, and so forth.

A History of Agriculture in the State of New York

Call number: S451.N56 H4 1933

This volume focuses on the social aspects of farming practice, and “has been written for the farmer’s fireside, not the study, classroom, or office.” Its narrative spans from “the early settlements” until the nineteenth century. Written at the request of the State Agricultural Society.

Farm changes on Long Island

Call number: S561.6.L8 K53 1967

1967 Long Island Historical Society pamphlet describing the early days of farming life on Long Island.

The John and Garret Baxter journals

Call number: F129.B7.F53.1955 (6 volumes)

Extracts from the Journal of John Baxter

Call number: F129.B7.F529.1943

Typescript versions of the original Baxter journals (ARC.257), which are too fragile for regular research use. The subjects covered by the Baxter journals include farming and agriculture and market transactions.

Extracts from Gabriel Furman’s Notes and Memoranda Relating to Brooklyn

Call number: F129.B7 F87 1953

A selection of typescript entries from Volumes 2, 3, and 4 of Furman’s Notes and Memoranda (see ARC.190, above).